Frankfort Police Department

  • Agency: Frankfort Police Department
  • Address: 412 Main St., Frankfort, 49635 MI
  • Chief: (Chief of Police)
Phone: 231-352-4212
Fax: (231) 352-7100
Email:

Frankfort Police Department is located at 412 Main St., Frankfort, 49635 MI. The Frankfort Police Department phone number is 231-352-4212.

Frankfort Police Department News

HOUSE BILL No. 4782 June 20, 2017, Introduced by Reps. Hughes, Kesto, Marino, Lucido and Leutheuser and referred to the Committee on Tourism and Outdoor Recreation. A bill to amend 1949 PA 300, entitled "Michigan vehicle code," by amending sections 32b, 33, and 657 (MCL 257.32b, 257.33, and 257.657), section 32b as amended by 2012 PA 424, section 33 as amended by 2015 PA 127, and section 657 as amended by 2015 PA 126, and by adding sections 13e and 662a. THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT: SEC. 13E. "ELECTRIC BICYCLE" MEANS A DEVICE UPON WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL MAY RIDE THAT IS EQUIPPED WITH A SEAT OR SADDLE FOR USE BY THE RIDER, FULLY OPERABLE PEDALS FOR HUMAN PROPULSION, AND AN ELECTRIC MOTOR OF LESS THAN 750 WATTS, AND THAT FALLS WITHIN 1 OF THE FOLLOWING CATEGORIES: (A) CLASS 1 ELECTRIC BICYCLE. AS USED IN THIS SUBDIVISION, "CLASS 1 ELECTRIC BICYCLE" MEANS AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE THAT IS EQUIPPED WITH AN ELECTRIC MOTOR THAT PROVIDES ASSISTANCE ONLY WHEN THE RIDER IS PEDALING AND THAT STOPS PROVIDING ASSISTANCE WHEN THE ELECTRIC BICYCLE REACHES A SPEED OF 20 MILES PER HOUR. (B) CLASS 2 ELECTRIC BICYCLE. AS USED IN THIS SUBDIVISION, "CLASS 2 ELECTRIC BICYCLE" MEANS AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE THAT IS EQUIPPED WITH A MOTOR THAT PROPELS THE ELECTRIC BICYCLE TO A SPEED OF NO MORE THAN 20 MILES PER HOUR, WHETHER THE RIDER IS PEDALING OR NOT. (C) CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE. AS USED IN THIS SUBDIVISION, "CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE" MEANS AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE THAT IS EQUIPPED WITH A MOTOR THAT PROVIDES ASSISTANCE ONLY WHEN THE RIDER IS PEDALING AND THAT STOPS PROVIDING ASSISTANCE WHEN THE ELECTRIC BICYCLE REACHES A SPEED OF 28 MILES PER HOUR. Sec. 32b. (1) "Moped" means a 2- or 3-wheeled vehicle to which both of the following apply: (a) It is equipped with a motor that does not exceed 100 cubic centimeters piston displacement and cannot propel the vehicle at a speed greater than 30 miles per hour on a level surface. (b) Its power drive system does not require the operator to shift gears. (2) MOPED DOES NOT INCLUDE AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE. Sec. 33. "Motor vehicle" means every vehicle that is self- propelled, but for purposes of chapter 4 of this act motor vehicle does not include industrial equipment such as a forklift, a front- end loader, or other construction equipment that is not subject to registration under this act. Motor vehicle does not include an electric patrol vehicle being operated in compliance with the electric patrol vehicle act, 1997 PA 55, MCL 257.1571 to 257.1577. Motor vehicle does not include an electric personal assistive mobility device. Motor vehicle does not include an electric carriage. Motor vehicle does not include a commercial quadricycle. MOTOR VEHICLE DOES NOT INCLUDE AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE. Sec. 657. Each person riding a bicycle, ELECTRIC BICYCLE, electric personal assistive mobility device, or moped or operating a low-speed vehicle or commercial quadricycle upon a roadway has all of the rights and is subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle under this chapter, except for special regulations in this article and except for the provisions of this chapter that by their nature do not apply. SEC. 662A. (1) EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE PROVIDED IN THIS SECTION, AN INDIVIDUAL RIDING AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE IS SUBJECT TO THE SAME REQUIREMENTS UNDER THIS ACT AS AN INDIVIDUAL RIDING A BICYCLE. (2) BEGINNING ON JANUARY 1, 2018, A MANUFACTURER OR DISTRIBUTOR OF NEW ELECTRIC BICYCLES INTENDED FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION IN THIS STATE SHALL PERMANENTLY AFFIX IN A PROMINENT LOCATION ON THE ELECTRIC BICYCLE A LABEL THAT CONTAINS THE CLASSIFICATION NUMBER, TOP ASSISTED SPEED, AND MOTOR WATTAGE OF THE ELECTRIC BICYCLE. THE LABEL REQUIRED UNDER THIS SUBSECTION SHALL BE PRINTED IN ARIAL FONT AND SHALL BE AT LEAST 9-POINT TYPE. (3) A PERSON SHALL NOT TAMPER WITH OR MODIFY AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE SO AS TO CHANGE THE MANUFACTURED MOTOR-POWERED SPEED CAPABILITY OR MOTOR ENGAGEMENT OF THE ELECTRIC BICYCLE WITHOUT REPLACING THE LABEL REQUIRED UNDER SUBSECTION (2) WITH AN APPROPRIATE LABEL PRINTED IN ARIAL FONT AND IN AT LEAST 9-POINT TYPE. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS ACT, A DEVICE SHALL NOT BE CONSIDERED AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE IF THE MOTOR IS MODIFIED IN A MANNER THAT MAKES IT CAPABLE OF PROPELLING THE DEVICE AT A SPEED THAT EXCEEDS THOSE DESCRIBED IN SECTION 13E. (4) ALL OF THE FOLLOWING APPLY TO A CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE: (A) A CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE SHALL NOT BE OPERATED BY AN INDIVIDUAL LESS THAN 14 YEARS OF AGE. AN INDIVIDUAL LESS THAN 14 YEARS OF AGE MAY RIDE AS A PASSENGER ON A CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE THAT IS DESIGNED TO ACCOMMODATE PASSENGERS. (B) AN INDIVIDUAL LESS THAN 18 YEARS OF AGE WHO OPERATES OR RIDES AS A PASSENGER ON A CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE SHALL WEAR A PROPERLY FITTED AND FASTENED BICYCLE HELMET THAT MEETS FEDERAL STANDARDS ESTABLISHED BY THE UNITED STATES CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION OR THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS. (C) A CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE SHALL BE EQUIPPED WITH A WORKING SPEEDOMETER THAT DISPLAYS THE SPEED THE ELECTRIC BICYCLE IS TRAVELING IN MILES PER HOUR. (5) A CLASS 1 ELECTRIC BICYCLE AND A CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE SHALL FUNCTION IN A MANNER SUCH THAT THE MOTOR IS DISENGAGED THROUGH A MECHANISM THAT, WHEN THE RIDER STOPS PEDALING, THE ELECTRIC MOTOR WILL DISENGAGE OR CEASE TO FUNCTION. A CLASS 2 ELECTRIC BICYCLE SHALL FUNCTION IN A MANNER SUCH THAT THE ELECTRIC MOTOR IS DISENGAGED OR CEASES TO FUNCTION WHEN THE BRAKES ARE APPLIED. (6) AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE SHALL COMPLY WITH APPLICABLE EQUIPMENT AND MANUFACTURING REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRIC BICYCLES ESTABLISHED UNDER FEDERAL LAW, INCLUDING STANDARDS ADOPTED BY THE UNITED STATES CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION AND COMPILED IN 16 CFR PART 1512. (7) AN INDIVIDUAL MAY OPERATE AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE ON ANY PART OF A HIGHWAY THAT IS OPEN TO A BICYCLE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, A LANE DESIGNATED FOR THE EXCLUSIVE USE OF BICYCLES AND THE SHOULDER. (8) AN INDIVIDUAL MAY OPERATE A CLASS 1 ELECTRIC BICYCLE ON A LINEAR PAVED TRAIL THAT HAS AN ASPHALT, CRUSHED LIMESTONE, OR SIMILAR SURFACE, OR A RAIL TRAIL. A LOCAL AUTHORITY OR AGENCY OF THIS STATE HAVING JURISDICTION OVER A TRAIL DESCRIBED IN THIS SUBSECTION MAY REGULATE OR PROHIBIT THE OPERATION OF A CLASS 1 ELECTRIC BICYCLE ON THAT TRAIL. (9) AN INDIVIDUAL MAY OPERATE A CLASS 2 OR CLASS 3 ELECTRIC BICYCLE ON A LINEAR PAVED TRAIL THAT HAS AN ASPHALT, CRUSHED LIMESTONE, OR SIMILAR SURFACE, OR A RAIL TRAIL IF AUTHORIZED BY THE LOCAL AUTHORITY OR AGENCY OF THIS STATE HAVING JURISDICTION OVER THE TRAIL. (10) EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE PROVIDED IN THIS SUBSECTION, AN INDIVIDUAL SHALL NOT OPERATE AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE ON A TRAIL THAT IS DESIGNATED AS NONMOTORIZED AND THAT HAS A NATURAL SURFACE TREAD THAT IS MADE BY CLEARING AND GRADING THE NATIVE SOIL WITH NO ADDED SURFACING MATERIALS. A LOCAL AUTHORITY OR AGENCY OF THIS STATE HAVING JURISDICTION OVER A TRAIL DESCRIBED IN THIS SUBSECTION MAY ALLOW AND REGULATE THE OPERATION OF AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE ON THAT TRAIL. Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect 90 days after the date it is enacted into law.

Does an electric skateboard or electric bicycle meet the definition of a motor vehicle? Yes, under Michigan law a motor vehicle is any self-propelled vehicle other than those specifically excluded from the motor vehicle code. The electric skateboard nor the electric bicycle fall into any of the exceptions listed in the motor vehicle code. As such, an electric skateboard or electric bicycle would be subject to all the provisions of the motor vehicle code. A violation of the motor vehicle code may be a civil infraction, misdemeanor, or felony. The federal regulations may define a motor vehicle differently, but my office may only enforce the laws of the State of Michigan. As always, if you feel someone one has committed a misdemeanor or felony in Frankfort, please submit a report to my office. If we can prove a violation of the law beyond a reasonable doubt and the case is appropriate for criminal prosecution, we will seek to have a criminal complaint and warrant issued. Please see the definition of motor vehicle with exceptions below: Under the Michigan Motor Vehicle Code a Motor vehicle" means every vehicle that is self-propelled, but for purposes of chapter 4 of this act motor vehicle does not include industrial equipment such as a forklift, a front-end loader, or other construction equipment that is not subject to registration under this act. Motor vehicle does not include an electric patrol vehicle being operated in compliance with the electric patrol vehicle act, 1997 PA 55, MCL 257.1571 to 257.1577. Motor vehicle does not include an electric personal assistive mobility device. Motor vehicle does not include an electric carriage. Motor vehicle does not include a commercial quadricycle.” An Electric personal assistive mobility device means a self-balancing nontandem 2-wheeled device, designed to transport only 1 person at a time, having an electrical propulsion system with average power of 750 watts or 1 horsepower and a maximum speed on a paved level surface of not more than 15 miles per hour. This would commonly be known as a Segway. An Electric carriage means a horse-drawn carriage that has been retrofitted to be propelled by an electric motor instead of by a horse and that is used to provide taxi service. A Commercial quadricycle means a vehicle that satisfies all of the following: (a) The vehicle has fully operative pedals for propulsion entirely by human power. (b) The vehicle has at least 4 wheels and is operated in a manner similar to a bicycle. (c) The vehicle has at least 6 seats for passengers. (d) The vehicle is designed to be occupied by a driver and powered either by passengers providing pedal power to the drive train of the vehicle or by a motor capable of propelling the vehicle in the absence of human power. (e) The vehicle is used for commercial purposes. (f) The vehicle is operated by the owner of the vehicle or an employee of the owner of the vehicle. Sincerely, Sara M. Swanson SEE HOUSE BILL No. 4782

WHAT DOES IT MEAN WHEN AN APPELLATE COURT REVERES AND REMANDS A CASE BACK TO A LOWER COURT? When an appellate court sends back a case to the trial court or lower appellate court for further action, the case is said to be "remanded." A "full remand" basically orders an entirely new trial. When an appellate court does this, the lower court's case is said to be "reversed and remanded." Record-Eagle TRAVERSE CITY — A Traverse City man will bypass jail time for drunkenly scooting down Garfield Avenue, so long as he remains sober and complies with terms of his two-year probation. Two years is about how long it took William Shaw Lyon, 53, to fight a felony drunken driving charge. The battle went through three different courts following his 2013 arrest by Traverse City police, who found him wheeling down and backing up traffic Garfield Avenue, beer in hand, on his electric scooter. But Lyon and his court-appointed attorney, David Clark -- who himself uses an electric wheelchair -- were unsuccessful in their case. They both appeared Friday before 86th District Court Judge Michael Stepka for Lyon's sentencing for second-offense impaired driving, a charge to which Lyon pleaded guilty in June. Stepka imposed two years of probation on Lyon, with conditions he receive counseling, attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, and undergo regularly alcohol and drug tests. He said he tried to strike a balanced sentence with a focus on rehabilitation but with 90 days of jail hanging over Lyon's head if he fails its terms. "We're really trying to help you, Mr. Lyon," he said. The sentencing hearing caps a case that began in 2013 and raised questions about how Michigan's driving laws apply to people who rely on wheelchairs and scooters. Police originally arrested Lyon for disorderly conduct, but prosecutors added the felony drunken driving charge because they considered Lyon's scooter to be a motor vehicle. Lyon's court-appointed attorney -- Clark -- appealed the charge, arguing Lyon's scooter is a substitute for walking and not a motor vehicle. Thirteenth Circuit Court Judge Philip Rodgers agreed and dismissed the charge. But prosecutors appealed and won over Michigan Court of Appeals judges. They ruled in May that because Lyon placed his scooter on a roadway while admittedly intoxicated he "undertook the duties of a vehicle driver ... ." Clark told Stepka the case still shows shortcomings in Michigan's motor vehicle code, which doesn't have an exception for wheelchairs or electric scooters. "I was shocked at the court of appeals ruling," he said, but acknowledged that the appellate judges couldn't change Michigan law. Clark and Lyon declined to comment after the sentencing.

WHAT IS A LOW SPEED VEHICLE? MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (EXCERPT) Act 300 of 1949 257.25b “Low-speed vehicle” defined. Sec. 25b. "Low-speed vehicle" means a self-propelled motor vehicle to which both of the following apply: (a) The vehicle conforms to the definition of low-speed vehicle under 49 CFR 571.3(b). (b) The vehicle meets the standard for low-speed vehicles under 49 CFR 571.500. History: Add. 2000, Act 82, Eff. July 1, 2000 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 377, Imd. Eff. Sept. 27, 2006 © 2015 Legislative Council, State of Michigan § 571.3 Definitions. (a)Statutory definitions. All terms defined in section 102 of the Act are used in their statutory meaning. (b)Other definitions. As used in this chapter - Act means the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 ( 80 Stat. 718). Approved, unless used with reference to another person, means approved by the Secretary. Boat trailer means a trailer designed with cradle-type mountings to transport a boat and configured to permit launching of the boat from the rear of the trailer. Bus means a motor vehicle with motive power, except a trailer, designed for carrying more than 10 persons. Curb weight means the weight of a motor vehicle with standard equipment; maximum capacity of engine fuel, oil, and coolant; and, if so equipped, air conditioning and additional weight optional engine. Designated seating capacity means the number of designated seating positions provided. Designated seating position means: (1) For vehicles manufactured prior to September 1, 2011, any plan view location capable of accommodating a person at least as large as a 5th percentile adult female, if the overall seat configuration and design and vehicle design is such that the position is likely to be used as a seating position while the vehicle is in motion, except for auxiliary seating accommodations such as temporary or folding jump seats. Any bench or split-bench seat in a passenger car, truck or multipurpose passenger vehicle with a GVWR less than 4,536 kilograms (10,000 pounds), having greater than 127 centimeters (50 inches) of hip room (measured in accordance with Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Recommended Practice J1100a, revised September 1975, “Motor Vehicle Dimensions” (incorporated by reference, see § 571.5), shall have not less than three designated seating positions, unless the seat design or vehicle design is such that the center position cannot be used for seating. For the sole purpose of determining the classification of any vehicle sold or introduced into interstate commerce for purposes that include carrying students to and from school or related events, any location in such vehicle intended for securement of an occupied wheelchair during vehicle operation shall be regarded as four designated seating positions. (2) For vehicles manufactured on and after September 1, 2011, designated seating position means a seat location that has a seating surface width, as described in § 571.10(c) of this part, of at least 330 mm (13 inches). The number of designated seating positions at a seat location is determined according to the procedure set forth in § 571.10(b) of this part. However, for trucks and multipurpose passenger vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating greater than 10,000 lbs, police vehicles as defined in S7 of FMVSS No. 208, firefighting vehicles, ambulances, and motor homes, a seating location that is labeled in accordance with S4.4 of FMVSS No. 207 will not be considered a designated seating position. For the sole purpose of determining the classification of any vehicle sold or introduced into interstate commerce for purposes that include carrying students to and from school or related events, any location in such a vehicle intended for securement of an occupied wheelchair during vehicle operation is regarded as four designated seating positions. Driver means the occupant of a motor vehicle seated immediately behind the steering control system. Emergency brake means a mechanism designed to stop a motor vehicle after a failure of the service brake system. 5th percentile adult female means a person possessing the dimensions and weight of the 5th percentile adult female specified for the total age group in “Weight, Height, and Selected Body Dimensions of Adults: United States - 1960-1962,” first published as Public Health Service Publication No. 1000 Series 11-No. 8, June 1965 and republished as DHEW Publication No. (HRA) 76-1074 (incorporated by reference, see § 571.5). Firefighting vehicle means a vehicle designed exclusively for the purpose of fighting fires. Fixed collision barrier means a flat, vertical, unyielding surface with the following characteristics: (1) The surface is sufficiently large that when struck by a tested vehicle, no portion of the vehicle projects or passes beyond the surface. (2) The approach is a horizontal surface that is large enough for the vehicle to attain a stable attitude during its approach to the barrier, and that does not restrict vehicle motion during impact. (3) When struck by a vehicle, the surface and its supporting structure absorb no significant portion of the vehicle's kinetic energy, so that a performance requirement described in terms of impact with a fixed collision barrier must be met no matter how small an amount of energy is absorbed by the barrier. Forward control means a configuration in which more than half of the engine length is rearward of the foremost point of the windshield base and the steering wheel hub is in the forward quarter of the vehicle length. Full trailer means a trailer, except a pole trailer, that is equipped with two or more axles that support the entire weight of the trailer. Gross axle weight rating or GAWR means the value specified by the vehicle manufacturer as the load-carrying capacity of a single axle system, as measured at the tire-ground interfaces. Gross combination weight rating or GCWR means the value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a combination vehicle. Gross vehicle weight rating or GVWR means the value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle. H-Point means the pivot center of the torso and thigh on the three-dimensional device used in defining and measuring vehicle seating accommodation, as defined in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Recommended Practice J1100, revised February 2001, “Motor Vehicle Dimensions” (incorporated by reference, see § 571.5). Head impact area means all nonglazed surfaces of the interior of a vehicle that are statically contactable by a 6.5-inch diameter spherical head form of a measuring device having a pivot point to “top-of-head” dimension infinitely adjustable from 29 to 33 inches in accordance with the following procedure, or its graphic equivalent: (a) At each designated seating position, place the pivot point of the measuring device - (1) For seats that are adjustable fore and aft, at - (i) The seating reference point; and (ii) A point 5 inches horizontally forward of the seating reference point and vertically above the seating reference point an amount equal to the rise which results from a 5-inch forward adjustment of the seat or 0.75 inch; and (2) For seats that are not adjustable fore and aft, at the seating reference point. (b) With the pivot point to “top-of-head” dimension at each value allowed by the device and the interior dimensions of the vehicle, determine all contact points above the lower windshield glass line and forward of the seating reference point. (c) With the head form at each contact point, and with the device in a vertical position if no contact points exists for a particular adjusted length, pivot the measuring device forward and downward through all arcs in vertical planes to 90° each side of the vertical longitudinal plane through the seating reference point, until the head form contacts an interior surface or until it is tangent to a horizontal plane 1 inch above the seating reference point, whichever occurs first. Interior compartment door means any door in the interior of the vehicle installed by the manufacturer as a cover for storage space normally used for personal effects. Longitudinal or longitudinally means parallel to the longitudinal centerline of the vehicle. Low-speed vehicle (LSV) means a motor vehicle, (1) That is 4-wheeled, (2) Whose speed attainable in 1.6 km (1 mile) is more than 32 kilometers per hour (20 miles per hour) and not more than 40 kilometers per hour (25 miles per hour) on a paved level surface, and (3) Whose GVWR is less than 1,361 kilograms (3,000 pounds). Motorcycle means a motor vehicle with motive power having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground. Motor-driven cycle means a motorcycle with a motor that produces 5-brake horsepower or less. Motor home means a multipurpose passenger vehicle with motive power that is designed to provide temporary residential accommodations, as evidenced by the presence of at least four of the following facilities: Cooking; refrigeration or ice box; self-contained toilet; heating and/or air conditioning; a potable water supply system including a faucet and a sink; and a separate 110-125 volt electrical power supply and/or propane. Multifunction school activity bus (MFSAB) means a school bus whose purposes do not include transporting students to and from home or school bus stops. Multipurpose passenger vehicle means a motor vehicle with motive power, except a low-speed vehicle or trailer, designed to carry 10 persons or less which is constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation. Open-body type vehicle means a vehicle having no occupant compartment top or an occupant compartment top that can be installed or removed by the user at his convenience. Outboard designated seating position means a designated seating position where a longitudinal vertical plane tangent to the outboard side of the seat cushion is less than 12 inches from the innermost point on the inside surface of the vehicle at a height between the design H-point and the shoulder reference point (as shown in fig. 1 of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 210) and longitudinally between the front and rear edges of the seat cushion. Overall vehicle width means the nominal design dimension of the widest part of the vehicle, exclusive of signal lamps, marker lamps, outside rearview mirrors, flexible fender extensions, and mud flaps, determined with doors and windows closed and the wheels in the straight-ahead position. Parking brake means a mechanism designed to prevent the movement of a stationary motor vehicle. Passenger car means a motor vehicle with motive power, except a low-speed vehicle, multipurpose passenger vehicle, motorcycle, or trailer, designed for carrying 10 persons or less. Pelvic impact area means that area of the door or body side panel adjacent to any outboard designated seating position which is bounded by horizontal planes 7 inches above and 4 inches below the seating reference point and vertical transverse planes 8 inches forward and 2 inches rearward of the seating reference point. Pole trailer means a motor vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another motor vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle, for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, pipes, or structural members capable generally of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections. Recreation vehicle trailer means a trailer, except a trailer designed primarily to transport cargo, designed to be drawn by a vehicle with motive power by means of a bumper, frame or fifth wheel hitch and designed to provide temporary residential accommodations, as evidenced by the presence of at least four of the following facilities: cooking; refrigeration or ice box; self-contained toilet; heating and/or air conditioning; a potable water supply system including a faucet and a sink; and a separate 110-125 volt electrical power supply and/or propane. “Recreation vehicle trailer” includes trailers used for personal purposes, commonly known as “sport utility RVs” or “toy haulers,” which usually have spacious rather than incidental living quarters and provide a cargo area for smaller items for personal use such as motorcycles, mountain bikes, all terrain vehicles (ATVs), snowmobiles, canoes or other types of recreational gear. School bus means a bus that is sold, or introduced in interstate commerce, for purposes that include carrying students to and from school or related events, but does not include a bus designed and sold for operation as a common carrier in urban transportation. Seating reference point (SgRP) means the unique design H-point, as defined in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Recommended Practice J1100, revised June 1984, “Motor Vehicle Dimensions” (incorporated by reference, see § 571.5), which: (1) Establishes the rearmost normal design driving or riding position of each designated seating position, which includes consideration of all modes of adjustment, horizontal, vertical, and tilt, in a vehicle; (2) Has X, Y, and Z coordinates, as defined in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Recommended Practice J1100, revised June 1984, “Motor Vehicle Dimensions” (incorporated by reference, see § 571.5), established relative to the designed vehicle structure; (3) Simulates the position of the pivot center of the human torso and thigh; and (4) Is the reference point employed to position the two-dimensional drafting template with the 95th percentile leg described in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J826, revised May 1987, “Devices for Use in Defining and Measuring Vehicle Seating Accommodation” (incorporated by reference, see § 571.5), or, if the drafting template with the 95th percentile leg cannot be positioned in the seating position, is located with the seat in its most rearward adjustment position. Semitrailer means a trailer, except a pole trailer, so constructed that a substantial part of its weight rests upon or is carried by another motor vehicle. Service brake means the primary mechanism designed to stop a motor vehicle. Speed attainable in 1 mile means the speed attainable by accelerating at maximum rate from a standing start for 1 mile, on a level surface. Speed attainable in 2 miles means the speed attainable by accelerating at maximum rate from a standing start for 2 miles, on a level surface. Torso line means the line connecting the “H” point and the shoulder reference point as defined in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J787b, revised September 1966, “Motor Vehicle Seat Belt Anchorage” (incorporated by reference, see § 571.5). Trailer means a motor vehicle with or without motive power, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by another motor vehicle. Trailer converter dolly means a trailer chassis equipped with one or more axles, a lower half of a fifth wheel and a drawbar. Truck means a motor vehicle with motive power, except a trailer, designed primarily for the transportation of property or special purpose equipment. Truck tractor means a truck designed primarily for drawing other motor vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and the load so drawn. Unloaded vehicle weight means the weight of a vehicle with maximum capacity of all fluids necessary for operation of the vehicle, but without cargo, occupants, or accessories that are ordinarily removed from the vehicle when they are not in use. 95th percentile adult male means a person possessing the dimensions and weight of the 95th percentile adult male specified “Weight, Height, and Selected Body Dimensions of Adults: United States - 1960-1962,” first published as Public Health Service Publication No. 1000 Series 11-No. 8, June 1965 and republished as DHEW Publication No. (HRA) 76-1074 (incorporated by reference, see § 571.5). Vehicle fuel tank capacity means the tank's unusable capacity (i.e., the volume of fuel left at the bottom of the tank when the vehicle's fuel pump can no longer draw fuel from the tank) plus its usable capacity (i.e., the volume of fuel that can be pumped into the tank through the filler pipe with the vehicle on a level surface and with the unusable capacity already in the tank). The term does not include the vapor volume of the tank (i.e., the space above the fuel tank filler neck) nor the volume of the fuel tank filler neck. [ 33 FR 19703, Dec. 25, 1968. Redesignated at 35 FR 5118, Mar. 26, 1970] Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 571.3, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov. prev | next § 571.500 Standard No. 500; Low-speed vehicles. Link to an amendment published at 81 FR 90521, Dec. 14, 2016. This amendment was delayed until Mar. 21, 2017, at 81 FR 9366, Feb. 6, 2017. This amendment was further delayed until May 22, 2017, at 82 FR 14477, Mar. 21, 2017. This amendment was further delayed until June 5, 2017, at 82 FR 23150, May 22, 2017. This amendment was further delayed until Sept. 5, 2017, at 82 FR 26360, June 7, 2017. S1. Scope. This standard specifies requirements for low-speed vehicles. S2. Purpose. The purpose of this standard is to ensure that low-speed vehicles operated on the public streets, roads, and highways are equipped with the minimum motor vehicle equipment appropriate for motor vehicle safety. S3. Applicability. This standard applies to low-speed vehicles. S4. [Reserved.] S5. Requirements. (a) When tested in accordance with test conditions in S6 and test procedures in S7, the maximum speed attainable in 1.6 km (1 mile) by each low-speed vehicle shall not more than 40 kilometers per hour (25 miles per hour). (b) Each low-speed vehicle shall be equipped with: (1) Headlamps, (2) Front and rear turn signal lamps, (3) Taillamps, (4) Stop lamps, (5) Reflex reflectors: one red on each side as far to the rear as practicable, and one red on the rear, (6) An exterior mirror mounted on the driver's side of the vehicle and either an exterior mirror mounted on the passenger's side of the vehicle or an interior mirror, (7) A parking brake, (8) A windshield that conforms to the Federal motor vehicle safety standard on glazing materials ( 49 CFR 571.205). (9) A VIN that conforms to the requirements of part 565 Vehicle Identification Number of this chapter, and (10) A Type 1 or Type 2 seat belt assembly conforming to Sec. 571.209 of this part, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 209, Seat belt assemblies, installed at each designated seating position. (11) Low-speed vehicles shall comply with the rear visibility requirements specified in paragraphs S6.2 of FMVSS No. 111. S6. General test conditions. Each vehicle must meet the performance limit specified in S5(a) under the following test conditions. S6.1. Ambient conditions. S6.1.1. Ambient temperature. The ambient temperature is any temperature between 0 °C (32 °F) and 40 °C (104 °F). S6.1.2. Wind speed. The wind speed is not greater than 5 m/s (11.2 mph). S6.2. Road test surface. S6.2.1. Pavement friction. Unless otherwise specified, the road test surface produces a peak friction coefficient (PFC) of 0.9 when measured using a standard reference test tire that meets the specifications of American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E1136, “Standard Specification for A Radial Standard Reference Test Tire,” in accordance with ASTM Method E 1337-90, “Standard Test Method for Determining Longitudinal Peak Braking Coefficient of Paved Surfaces Using a Standard Reference Test Tire,” at a speed of 64.4 km/h (40.0 mph), without water delivery (incorporated by reference; see 49 CFR 571.5). S6.2.2. Gradient. The test surface has not more than a 1 percent gradient in the direction of testing and not more than a 2 percent gradient perpendicular to the direction of testing. S6.2.3. Lane width. The lane width is not less than 3.5 m (11.5 ft). S6.3. Vehicle conditions. S6.3.1. The test weight for maximum speed is unloaded vehicle weight plus a mass of 78 kg (170 pounds), including driver and instrumentation. S6.3.2. No adjustment, repair or replacement of any component is allowed after the start of the first performance test. S6.3.3. Tire inflation pressure. Cold inflation pressure is not more than the maximum permissible pressure molded on the tire sidewall. S6.3.4. Break-in. The vehicle completes the manufacturer's recommended break-in agenda as a minimum condition prior to beginning the performance tests. S6.3.5. Vehicle openings. All vehicle openings (doors, windows, hood, trunk, convertible top, cargo doors, etc.) are closed except as required for instrumentation purposes. S6.3.6. Battery powered vehicles. Prior to beginning the performance tests, propulsion batteries are at the state of charge recommended by the manufacturer or, if the manufacturer has made no recommendation, at a state of charge of not less than 95 percent. No further charging of any propulsion battery is permissible. S7. Test procedure. Each vehicle must meet the performance limit specified in S5(a) under the following test procedure. The maximum speed performance is determined by measuring the maximum attainable vehicle speed at any point in a distance of 1.6 km (1.0 mile) from a standing start and repeated in the opposite direction within 30 minutes. [ 63 FR 33216, June 17, 1998, as amended at 68 FR 43972, July 25, 2003; 79 FR 19249, Apr. 7, 2014] STATE OF MICHIGAN LOW SPEED VEHICLES Requirement Information Section License A valid operator’s or chauffeur’s license required 257.301 Registration Required to be registered 257.216 Illuminated by a white light rendering the registration plate clearly visible for a distance of 50 feet to the rear 257.686 Securely attached to the rear 257.225 Display valid registration plate 257.255 Insurance No Fault insurance required 500.3101 Proof of insurance 257.328 Vehicle A four wheeled motor vehicle designed to be capable of an attainable speed of at least 20 mph and a maximum speed of no more than 25 mph 257.25b Head Lamps At least 2 required Mounted not more than 54 inches nor less than 24 inches 257.25b 257.685 Tail Lamps At least 1 mounted on rear and plainly visible for a distance of 500 feet 257.25b 257.686 Stop Lamps For vehicles manufactured or assembled before January 1, 1965 at least 1 stop lamp red or amber in color distinguishable for a distance of 100 feet actuated upon application of the service or foot brake 257.25b 257.697 For vehicles manufactured after January 1, 1965, 2 rear stop lamps red in color 257.25b 257.697b 257.698 Turn Signals Signal lamp or lamps indicating intention to turn capable of being seen and distinguished for a distance of 100 feet during the daytime and nighttime to both the front and rear, red in color to the rear, white or amber in color to the front, red or amber in color if visible to the side 257.25b 257.697 257.698 Reflectors 1 red on each side as far to the rear as practicable, and 1 red on the rear 257.25b Mirror 1 exterior mirror mounted on the drivers side and either 1 exterior mirror mounted on the passenger side or 1 interior mirror 257.25b Brakes Adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold the vehicle, including 2 separate means of applying the brakes to at least 2 wheels 257.705 A new motor vehicle shall be equipped with brakes on all wheels 257.705 Parking Brake Adequate to hold the vehicle on any grade 257.25b 257.705 Horn Capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than 200 feet 257.706 Windshield Sufficient dimensions to protect driver and occupants 257.25b 257.708a Wipers A device for cleaning rain, snow, or other moisture from the windshield, which device shall be so constructed as to be controlled or operated by the driver of the vehicle. 257.709 Bumper A bumper or other energy absorption system with an analogous function which bumper or system is securely bolted or permanently attached on both the front and rear of the vehicle. If designed for cargo then max frame height 24 inches / max bumper height 26 inches If designed for passengers then max frame height 12 inches / max bumper height 22 inches 257.710c VIN Permanently affixed 257.25b 257217b Safety Belts Installed and conforming to requirements of Act 300 for each designated seating position 257.25b 257.710a Required to be worn by driver, front seat passenger and child under age 16 257.710e Crash Helmet Required by operator and each passenger. Does not apply to a low speed vehicle equipped with a roof that meets or exceeds the standards for roof-crush resistance 257.658b Rights and Duties Has all rights and duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle 257.657 Operational Shall ride as near to the right side of roadway as practicable Shall not pass between lines of traffic but may pass on the left of traffic moving in same direction on a 2-way street, or pass on the left or right on a 1-way street Not permitted on a sidewalk constructed for use by pedestrians Maximum speed not to exceed 25 miles per hour Shall not be operated on a road or street with a speed limit of more than 35 miles per hour.

CASE LAW CORNER: What is Case Law? In the United States, the law is derived from five sources: constitutional law, statutory law, treaties, administrative regulations, and the common law (which includes case law). Case Law.... Since the U.S. legal system has a common-law system, higher court decisions are binding on lower courts in cases with similar facts that raise similar issues. The concept of precedent, or Stare Decisis, means to follow or adhere to previously decided cases in judging the case at bar. Below is a State of Michigan Court of Appeals decision, review the decision and go to https://www.legislature.mi.gov The Michigan Vehicle Code provides definitions of "Vehicle, "Motor vehicle", "Moped", "Electric personal assistive vehicle", " Low speed vehicle", "Electric carriage" and "Highways or street".

We want to say thank you to Frannie's Follie's for providing each member of the police department with a Christmas goody bag full of candy! #sugarrush

On March 30th we participated in a training exercise along with the Benzie County Sheriffs Office. The training was centered around preparing ourselves in the event that a rapid police response becomes necessary within our area schools. We were fortunate to have instructors present from the Benzie County Sheriffs Office as well as Traverse City Police Department and Grand Traverse Sheriffs Office. This session will be followed by a series of exercises that will better enable us to accomplish our goal of maintaining the safety of our community.

Good afternoon folks. Just a friendly reminder that snow in Frankfort means that Heffron Hill will be closed. Also please remember that leaving your car parked on the street overnight prevents our friends at the Department of Public Works from rendering the roads safe and passable. Failure to move your car from the roadway may result in a visit from the ticket fairy. Be safe and have a great weekend!

Frankfort PD will be present on April 16th along with members of Benzie County EMS in an effort to really bring the heat to the dodgeball courts. Just remember, "if you can dodge a wrench you can dodge a ball". See you out there!